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Travel Asia China Not only a border but a wonder to - The Great Wall of China

Not only a border but a wonder to - The Great Wall of China

China, Asia, The Great Wall oveview on a sunny day

The Great Wall or Great Wall is a 6200 to 6694 km long wall which runs nearly two-thirds of China. The wall symbolizes the vastness of China, the organizational and military power of the Chinese Empire and the skill and perseverance of the Chinese people. The wall is located in northern China and stretches from a large rebuilt fort three one hundred kilometers east of Beijing to the town of Lop Nur in the Xinjiang region.

Since the eighth century BC, parts of the regional fortifications were built to serve as a defense against attacks from the Mongols between 722 and 221 BC, but also from attacks by the Huns and the Mansjoes. When the new Qin Dynasty came to power, was by her first and last emperor Qin Shi Huangdi, began building the Great Wall. This happened in 221 BC, under General Meng Tian, and started a military expedition to the north to the different regional reinforcements to link and strengthen. Because of the construction was not only the territory and people to better defense. The construction of the Great Wall also created many jobs, so a part of the Chinese people was more certainty and a firmer pace of life.

Over a decade was by soldiers, prisoners and residents of a "wall of ten thousand li" (in Chinese Wan-li-chang) work, which pointed to a distance of about five thousand kilometers (one li is about one hundred meters five).
It was mainly used for construction of local rock : mostly silt and clay. If this were not available, there was a double wall constructed using compressed earth. Only later was used by the much stronger brick.

During the Ming Dynasty (1368 - 1644) the wall was several times restored and expanded, making the strategic significance of the wall increased. Thus, in this period, some parts were raised to ten meters and the wall was extended to an architectural complex of unprecedented size with military and civilian border functions. Thus, among other observation posts, towers, gates, new defenses and added maintenance. Military troops were able to move quickly on the wall and several forts were a fast communication.

Although the wall has suffered extensive damage by war, weather and reuse of the stones, the wall stands today with its twists in the mountains still largely intact and is a much visited and photographed object. The Chinese Wall is a national monument of China and inextricably linked to the Chinese history and culture. In 1961 a part of the wall was declared by the Chinese State Council a cultural and national heritage and in 1987 the wall was added by UNESCO to the World Heritage List. On July 7, 2007, the Great Wall was also included in the list of New Seven Wonders of the World.