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Travel America U.S.A. Philadelphia - Cradle of the United States

Philadelphia - Cradle of the United States

Cradle of the USA, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Liberty Bell

In 1641 English King Charles II gave William Penn the rights to the city of Philadelphia today. Therefore, then leader of the Shakers headed, with his small company, to the forested areas west of Delaware River. The Quakers, religious movement with specific beliefs, did not recognize the Anglican Church and refused military service.

In those days were seen as a religious sect in many European countries and were subject to persecution of all kinds. Given their difficult situation, the ability to build a colony in Pennsylvania was a true gift from heaven.

Between 1681 and 1682, William Penn founded Philadelphia as a place of religious freedom. In early eighteenth-century city already counts more than 4500 inhabitants. Because Quakers leader agreed with the Native Americans in Delaware tribe, living together peacefully, Philadelphia was for whites, an oasis of tranquility. Spiritual atmosphere of the city acted as a magnet to the artists and scientists.

Benjamin Franklin lived in Philadelphia from 1723 until his death in 1790. He conducted experiments related to electric current, successful in 1752, the discovery of lightning rod. Franklin proved to be a politician of great value: he was governor of Pennsylvania and one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence. During the War of Secession, from the city of Quakers spread ideological influences that have contributed greatly to the abolition of slavery.

In the seventeenth century in Philadelphia have found refuge Protestants Menon, of the Firiza ideological kindred with Quakers. In the districts, German Town, traces of the old masters of German craftsmen are preserved today.

The famous bell of freedom, once the world announcing the sovereignty of the British colonies of North America, was created in England. Currently it is found in one of the pavilions of Independence Historical National Park, in Philadelphia, where they were gathered the most important artifacts in U.S. history.

In center of the park, is Independence Hall, which is part of World Cultural and Natural Heritage of UNESCO. Here at July 4, 1776, the U.S. founding fathers proclaimed the "Declaration of Independence" and here, the American Constitution was adopted 11 years later.

Philadelphia was named capital of the United States in 1790, and between 1790 and 1800 here was held meetings of Congress. In 1800 the city lost its political supremacy in the favor for Washington, but Philadelphia has remained an important economic and currently occupies 3rd place in the hierarchy of financial centers.

In the city is living for a long time the large Christian community of Quakers. Also, Philadelphia is an important cultural center: the famous University of Pennsylvania found here, and many theaters, museums and libraries. The greatest pride of the city is Philadelphia Symphony Orchestra, known worldwide.

What deserves to be seen:
- Independence Historical National Park (Liberty Bell and Independence Hall);
- Museum of Art;
- Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts

What you should know:
- On the Delaware River is anchored a ship from American fleet, by the time the war with Spain (1898), USS Olympia;
- In Independence Historical National Park can be seen the chair, in which stood the first U.S. president, George Washington;
- Between 1790 - 1900 Philadelphia was the capital of young American State;
- In 1993, the film Philadelphia, directed by Jonathan Demme, won five Academy Award nominations. The statuette was won by Tom Hanks, principal role, and the music of Bruce Springsteen - Streets of Philadelphia.

The climate:
- The average temperature reaches a +1 degree in January and +25 degrees in July.