If you want to know the history, culture or tradition of a region, museums should be your main destination. In these buildings full of history can make a journey in time, following the course of civilizations and witnessing the most important events.
Each state has its national museum, which tells about the history and glory. Some famous museums came to be synonymous with certain cities and became destinations in themselves, attracting millions of visitors annually from around the world.
Are presented below, 10 the best known and most important museums in the world. In determining this ranking was taken into account the following factors: popularity, architecture, number of annual visitors, important collections of art and owned works.
1. Louvre Museum (Musée du Louvre), Paris, France
Louvre is the best known and most visited museum in the world. It is a symbol of France - is the largest museum of history and art in France - and one of the most important museums worldwide. Louvre is situated in central Paris, between the bay of the Seine and right Rivoli Street, in the first district in a historic building - the former royal palace: Louvre Palace. Modern glass pyramid in the courtyard of the Louvre museum makes an interesting mix of classic and contemporary. Universal museum, the Louvre possesses art eras of civilization, from antiquity to 1848, and covers a vast geo-cultural, from Western Europe, Greece, Egypt, to the Middle East.
The main attraction: Mona Lisa (La Gioconda) by Leonardo da Vinci
Annual visitors: 8.5 million
Number of items: 35,000
2. British Museum, London, United Kingdom
Founded in 1753, British Museum is one of the oldest, largest and most comprehensive museums in the world, with objects from all continents, illustrating the history of human culture from its origins to the present. One of the most visited tourist attractions in London, British Museum has over 13 million objects and 94 exhibitions, permanent and temporary. It has an educational department of cultural services for adults and children, and specialized departments coins, medals, Prehistory, Antiquity, Oceania, America, etc.. British Museum entrance is free for all visitors, you can only charge for some temporary exhibitions.
The main attraction "ancient interpreter" Rosetta stone - one of the most important archaeological discoveries of all time
Visitors annually: 5 million
Number of objects: over 13 million
3. Metropolitan Museum of Art ("The Met"), New York, USA
Known as "The Met" Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York is one of the largest and most impressive art museums in the world. Its collections include more than 2 million works of art, covering 5000 years of world culture, from prehistory to the present and from every corner of the planet. The exhibits works from, classical antiquity and Ancient Egypt, paintings and sculptures of most European masters, American art, modern, African, Asian, Oceanic, Byzantine, Islamic. "The Met" has encyclopedic collections of musical instruments, costumes, accessories and armor from around the world.
The main attraction: the painting "Adam and Eve" by Albrecht Durer
Visitors per year: approx. 5 million
Number of items: 2 million
4. Vatican Museums (Musei Vaticani), Vatican City, Italy
Vatican Museums are one of the largest museums in the world; these works expose the huge collection built by the Roman Catholic Church for centuries, and important masterpieces of the Renaissance. Even if you're not religious, you'll be amazed at the beauty and grandeur of Michelangelo's Dome and Bernini's spiral columns. Open free to the public on the last Sunday of each month; Vatican Museums exposed prolific works of Italian artists such as Raphael, Botticelli, Caravaggio, etc.
The main attraction: The dome of the Sistine Chapel, painted by Michelangelo
Visitors per year: 4 million
Number of objects: tens of thousands
5. American Museum of Natural History (AMNH), New York, USA
Located near Central Park in Manhattan, American Museum of Natural History is one of the largest museums in the world, consists of 25 buildings which shelter 46 exhibition halls, research laboratories and a library. In this museum you can admire the dinosaurs, meteorites, fossils, minerals, dioramas (replicas of scenes from nature), all depicting the evolution of human history. The collections contain over 32 million items, of which only a small part can be exposed at a time. Scientific staff of the museum exceeds 200 people, and the institution, annually sponsors over 100 special expeditions.
The main attraction: Human Origins Hall
Visitors per year: 4 million
Number of items: 32 million
6. Uffizi Gallery (Galleria degli Uffizi), Florence, Italy
Uffizi Gallery - the famous museum in Florence, Italy - one of the oldest and most famous art museums in the West, and one of the most attractive sights of Italy. UNESCO estimates that 60% of the most famous masterpieces of the world are in Italy, and half of them are located in Florence. Although parts exposed on the streets of Florence are very impressive, Uffizzi Gallery, leaves you speechless - is one of the finest collections of paintings and sculptures on the planet, the number, quality and diversity of works, surprise from the first visit. Are presented here some of the biggest names in Italian Renaissance: Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, Botticelli, Giotto, and many others.
The main attraction: "Birth of Venus" by Botticelli
Annual visitors: 1.5 million
Number of items: variable due to restoration
7. State Museum Hermitage (State Hermitage), St. Petersburg, Russia
This museum of art and culture is one of the largest, oldest and most important museums in the world, founded in 1764 by Catherine the Great. Over 60,000 pieces are displayed in approximately 1,000 rooms, while 3 million objects are kept in reserve. State Hermitage Museum houses the largest collection of paintings in the world and consists of six historic buildings, which is one of the major ensembles of St. Petersburg's center, included in UNESCO World Heritage Site as a whole.
The main attraction: Faberge jewelry collections
Visitors annually: More than 3 million
Number of items: 3 million
8. Acropolis Museum, Athens, Greece
Acropolis Museum is a museum archaeological discovery centered on Athens Acropolis site. Inaugurated in 2009, Acropolis Museum is one of the most modern museums in the world, which were invested 130 million Euros. This grand museum is addressed to the British reply Greeks, who do not want to return the Parthenon beauty (which is the British Museum) on the grounds that the Hellenes have nowhere to host them. Located at the foot of the Acropolis and 280 meters from the Parthenon, located on an archaeological site, the museum has a very modern architecture, glass, falling into an original landscape full of history. The museum is built on an archaeological site; the first level floor is made of glass so that visitors can see the excavations underneath.
The main attraction: the special design and accessible content
Annual visitors: is expected to be over 2.5 million
Number of items: approx. 4000 items
9. Prado Museum (Museo del Prado), Madrid, Spain
Prado Museum is the main Spanish national museum of art and one of the most respected and visited museums in the world. Exhibiting some of the finest collections of European art in the world, the 12th century until the 19th century it is based on the former Spanish Royal Collection. The strength of this institution is the Spanish art, the museum housing the largest collection of Spanish paintings in the world. Founded as a museum of painting and sculpture, today it contains important collections of drawings, coins, medals, decorative art.
The main attraction: the painting "Las Meninas" by Diego Velazquez
Annual visitors: 2.5 million
Number of items: 7,600 paintings, 1,000 sculptures, 8200 drawings
10. National Museum (Rijksmuseum), Amsterdam, Netherlands
Rijksmuseum is a museum dedicated to arts, crafts and history. The museum is famous worldwide thanks to its impressive collection of paintings from the Dutch Golden Century (Rembrandt, Vermeer, Jacob van Ruisdael, Frans Hals, Jan Steen). Also, the museum hosts a collection of Asian art. Since 2005 the museum is closed for renovation at a rate of 95%, but masterpieces from its collections are exhibited in the recently renovated Philips wing.
The main attraction: the painting "Night rounds" of Rembrandt
Visitors annually: 880,000
Number of items: 1 million