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Wild Tatras - the highest mountains in the Carpathians

Tatra Mountains, Europe, Lake overview

Characterized very briefly, the Tatra Mountains reach heights of all the biggest Carpathians and stretch the territory of two Central European countries: Slovakia and Poland. But if we turn attention to them, we find a series of charming mountains, not so tall and steep as the Alps, but wild, somewhat rough nature in their entire splendor and magnificent. Those who visited have remained in love with them.

The highest mountains in the Carpathians

In terms of geography, mountains, grouped under the generic name of Tatra, occupies an area of about 750 square kilometers, of which most of the territory of Slovakia, which is also the largest peak in the Tatras, default, and from chain Carpathians: Gerlach peak, which rises to an altitude of 2655 meters.

The highest peak from Tatras in Poland is Rysy, 2499 with his feet.

Mountains are formed following the natural process of land cover folded, are relatively young age (for some mountains) and are divided into two major mountain ranges: the Western Tatra (Tatry Zapadna in Slovakian) and East Tatra (Tatry Vysoke ).

Tatra nature, with relatively high level of accessibility for visitors, makes this mountain a favorite destination for researchers and tourists around the world, particularly in Western Europe. As for Slovakia, as well as neighboring Poland, Tatra became the kingdom's official winter sports and winter tourism in general. With its 25 peaks above 2500 meters high, Tatra, with peaks with heights values close to those in other parts of the Carpathians, the only alpine habitats in the entire 1200 km long chain of the Carpathians.

Tatra enjoys a temperate continental climate, while having an important role of natural barriers against the movement of large masses and currents of air.

Note that in some areas were measured high wind speeds of 288 km / hour. Such strong winds caused very often true ecological disaster, as was that of 19 November 2004, when large portions of forest on the southern side of the High Tatras in Slovakia were shot down by storm. Trunks of trees totaling three million cubic meters of wood were uprooted, two people lost their lives, and several villages were swept downstream.

In winter, temperatures can fall to values terrible of -40 degrees Celsius. They are rainy mountains, with precipitation falling on average between 215-228 days a year. Avalanches are common, and most of the snow layer has reached 4.08 meters, in Lomnicy Stit from Slovakia.

There are mountains, where we meet often beautiful glacial lakes. Only within Slovakia are not less than 85 of these alpine lakes with water incredibly transparent and clean, the largest and deepest being Velke Hincovo, which covers about 20 hectares and has a maximum depth of 53 meters. They are not absent spectacular waterfalls and picturesque scenery adds so magnificent. Among the finest are those of Vjansheko, Kmetov, Hviezdoslav, Obrovsky, Skokie and Studeneho.

In addition to tourism and economic importance, Tatra have remained an "island" mountain landscape extremely valuable wildlife habitats increasingly poor virgin of the Old Continent. So far, Slovak and Polish scientists were able to identify an impressive number of animal and plant species. In short, in Tatra live, 54 species of tardigrade, 100 rotifer, 22 copepods species, 162 species of spiders, 81 species of mollusks, 43 species of mammals, 200 species of birds, 7 species of amphibians and reptiles only two . The most common mammals are chamois, bears, marmots, wolves, lynx, deer and wild boar.

Tatra region has a rich and diverse flora, botanists identifying nearly 1,400 species, 40 of which are endemic (species not growing in another part of the world). Alpine meadows, where there are marmots and chamois are flown daily, mountain eagle, whose silhouettes in flight can be observed along the rocky wall.

The uniqueness of habitats and their intrinsic value have made the authorities to establish, in 1948, Tatra National Park (Tatransky Narodny Park), the first national park and nature reserve in the history of Slovakia. Poles have left them no less important: great lovers of nature slopes of their territory, they said in their 1954 Tatra National Park (Park Tatranská Narodowy).

In regions Belianske and Western Tatras, whose views are among the most beautiful mountain landscapes across Europe, the opportunity to study various species of animals are almost unparalleled in Europe. These reserves are considered by experts as successful models for European Wildlife tourism type, strictly focused on studying and observing animals in their natural habitats with minimal impact from humans.

Declared of national reserve in 1978, Low Tatras National Park (Narodny Park Low Tatras), is another treasure of the Tatras. Spread over an area of 728 square kilometers, has a 1102 km buffer zone surrounding the square.

The park consists mainly of rocky peaks and alpine meadows, mountain ridge that crosses the main having a length of about 100 km. west of the reserve; we find peak Ďumbier, with his 2043 meters high and dominate the west summit hola Králové with a modest height of 1948 meters. Northern ridge is very steep, rocky headlands and dotted with glacial lakes. In this national park can enjoy the best preserved mountain forest ecosystem in Slovakia, where abundant large European carnivores - brown bear, wolf and lynx. The Low Tatras, scientists have identified a healthy population of bears, composed of 100-150 exemplars.

The most dangerous and difficult route from Tatra mountain (and one of the most dangerous in Europe) is Orla Perc, and national parks staff access to tourists and mountaineers only experienced it in excellent physical shape and appropriate equipment. From marking to that route, not less than 100 people lost their lives trying to go through it.

The impact of human activities in Tatra, began to be evident with the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, when these mountains were exploited for mining or as places for livestock grazing. Although such activities harmful nature have been halted today, still can see their destructive effects.

Fortunately for Tatra and to the honor of Slovaks, they succeeded, in 1993, to include the mountains in the category under UNESCO Biosphere Reserve.

If you need convincing that what is said about the Tatra Mountains, is absolutely true, just go to the spot and admire.

Is an example of a successful model in terms of nature conservation and tourism, primarily environmental reason, not an economic one.