The Twelve Apostles is a National Park located in South Australia, not far from Melbourne. It is second symbol of Australia, after Sydney Opera House.
Arches, caves, coves, cliffs form a unique complex and attract thousands of tourists. Through eroding limestone coast, 10 to 14 million years ago were formed caves, then arches, and after arches have collapsed, resulted solitary rocks. Unfortunately, erosion take away every year some of the peerless beauty.
The Twelve Apostles rocks were over 45 meters high, but sea and wind erode them about 2 cm per year. Currently, some of the rocks called Apostles were destroyed. In 2005 crashed a pillar about 50 meters high. Only eight stacks remained vertical.
London Bridge Formation was partially destroyed in 1990 by the collapse of the arch that connected the shore. Previously, this 30-meter long bridge could reach a cliff where could watch the sunset. Today London Arch is isolated from the shore.
In 2009, Island Arch, one of the most beautiful arches of the National Park, located near The Loch Ard Gorge collapsed. Today it appears as two solitary pillars, called Tom and Eva after the two teens survivors of The Loch Ard shipwreck.
At Gibston Steps, access the beach is descending along the high rocky shore on a staircase with 86 steps. The two rocks that can be seen both on the upper platform, and from the beach if the waves permit, are known locally as Gog and Magog. These stacks of rocks are not considered to be part of the Twelve Apostles.
Following collapses due to erosion, the National Park have imposed a number of restrictions for tourists, but the coast is dramatic and robust, and reserve has other picturesque landscapes that can enchant visitors.