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Stonehenge - the circle of mystery

Stonehenge, United Kingdom, Overview

Stonehenge is a mysterious circle of prehistoric megaliths and is one of the world's most famous monuments. Several studies have shown that it is located in the south of England Stonehenge, which literally means "hanging stones" and was created in several phases. The huge cromlech is also only a small portion of the original complex, which was used for various purposes over time.

The first Stonehenge was a huge wall of earth, ninety meters wide, was constructed around 3100 BC. The wall was actually a walled area of about fifty round holes one meter deep. These so-called Aubrey Holes, named after the seventeenth century John Aubrey (1626-1697) who discovered them around 1666 AD, were probably used as ceremonial burial. After this initial phase Stonehenge remained untouched for over 1000 years.

Between the end of the third and the beginning of the second millennium BC took second phase of the construction of Stonehenge, with two incomplete, concentric circles of menhirs , sometimes called cromlechs, were established. The 82 stones of bluish volcanic rock came from the mountains of Pres Celli, about thirty kilometers away.

The third building phase of Stonehenge is dated around 2300 BC. This was done with thirty Sarsen stones from the Marlborough Downs 35 km further north, placed within the existing cromlechs. The stones were all carefully edited and provided with cover plates. They were using tongue and groove joints in the tapping of carrying stones embedded. The center of the sanctuary was marked by a central altar, surrounded by five gated Sarsen monoliths with a height of 6 to 7 meters arranged in a horseshoe shape.
In the final development stage of Stonehenge, the blue stones were rearranged in the horseshoe shape and circle and today are known as Stonehenge. The original number of blue stones was probably around sixty, but some has been fragmented and/or removed.

Stonehenge created great fascination in the course of time, based on the mystery of it. So is inexplicable how the huge stones of up to fifty tons each, were transported without mechanical aids over such distances. It is also not known how the stones were put upright and what the actual purpose of the place was. The British historian Geoffrey of Monmouth and spiritual (circa 1100-circa 1150) would have been one of the first who made an attempt to determine function of Stonehenge. He wrote to the megaliths therapeutic properties, an idea which we have long believed. It is also thought that Stonehenge was used by the Celtic Druids, an Indo-European population in Western Europe as their rituals or function was as an astronomical calendar or "calculator".

In 2008 there were fifty years since the first excavation at Stonehenge to be done. The many body remains - many from the area surrounding Stonehenge - or signs of diseases with defects that were found, the conclusion was that Stonehenge was a healing center where people come off from miles around.

Stonehenge was formerly owned by Sir Cecil Chubb. He wore it in 1918 on the British Government. Since 1984, the foundation runs by English Heritage. Stonehenge was added in 1986 to the World Heritage List of UNESCO. In 2001 the British historian Brian Edwards discovered that the stones of Stonehenge stand right now than previously as a result of extensive restorations in the period 1901-1964.