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Byker Wall

London, United Kingdom, Byker Wall, Wall detail

Byker Wall is a social housing project in Newcastle, which was built between 1969 and 1982 under the direction of architect Ralph Erskine (1914-2005). It is seen as a successful example of British urban architecture. Byker Wall consists of a mix of housing types, parks, colorful and eccentric detail, and gives priority to pedestrians-b-.

The redevelopment Byker Wall was built to replace a Victorian working-class neighborhood. The design of the Byker Wall was a response to major restructuring of the sixties, while people from their homes were put in and ended the high-rise flats. Erskine Byker Wall was designed in constant consultation with the residents of the old Byker. The result was a long building in which very different heights, shapes and types of housing come forward. Byker Wall knew the next apartment complex also low-rise houses around a courtyard and terraced houses.

The wall form of Byker Wall was chosen to wind and traffic noise outside the inner terrain, but also refers to the Hadrian's Wall was running just outside Newcastle. The north facade runs along a road, and consists of brick patterns and small windows. The rooms from this facade need little heating. The south facade that open to the courtyard, has lots of colorful painted wooden balconies. There was little concrete visible, but there was a lot of brick and wood used. Part of an ancient street of the Byker Wall, Byker was included in the project. Also elements such as paving and parts of the Old Town Hall were reused.

Today Byker Wall faces the same problems as other social housing projects, such as unemployment, juvenile delinquency and vandalism. Byker Wall is considered a protected area of architectural interest. It is considered the prototype for Erskine's Greenwich Millennium Village (since 2000), a London residential environment.