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Buckingham Palace

London, United Kingdom, Buckingham Palace guard

The history of Buckingham Palace dates back to the beginning of the 18 century. In 1702 showed the Duke of Buckingham the Buckingham House building. Nearly sixty years later, King George III purchased the house as living quarters for his family and his son converted it into a palace.

In 1762, led by Sir William Chambers, began the renovation of Buckingham House to residence of the king. His son and heir George IV decided to rebuild the house further into a palace. Architect John Nash retained the general shape of the house, but expanded it considerably. Nash used for this purpose by the king's beloved French neoclassical style. The north and south wings of Buckingham House were demolished to make way for larger wings and a triumphal arch, the Marble Arch. This arch was the center of the enlarged courtyard , recalling the British victories at Trafalgar and Waterloo.

George IV has never lived in the palace. Queen Victoria in 1837 was the first royal resident. After the queen three years later married Prince Albert, soon found weaknesses in the palace to light, there were too few bedrooms for guests and there was no freedom. Hence, he moved the Marble Arch to the courtyard of the palace to its present location, to the northeast corner of Hyde Park. At the site of the arch fourth wing was constructed, the existing facade, which is 108 meters long and 24 meters high. Upon completion of the east wing there was a square floor plan to create an enclosed courtyard. Architect Edward Blore was in charge of the construction which was completed in 1847. At the beginning of the 20 century, it became clear that the soft stones that Blore had used, in very poor condition. In 1913 it was decided, designed by Sir Aston Webb, the facade of the east wing built by Blore again to coat with other stones. The restoration took only thirteen weeks.

The palace has 775 rooms, of which only some are accessible to visitors. The palace is not only the official residence of the British royal family, but there are also state banquets and other ceremonies in place. The more than 36 meters long, 18 meters wide and 13 meters high ballroom is the largest room in the palace. In this room, the banquet is served and each year the 21 special ceremonies, "Investitures" held.

On the grounds of Buckingham Palace the Royal Mews are also located. This held royal horses the stalls and the golden coach. It was built for George III in 1761 and is still in use, the royal carriage.