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Travel Europe Turkey Cotton Castles of Turkey - Pamukkale

Cotton Castles of Turkey - Pamukkale

Turkey Holiday, Pamukkale, Turkey, Springs at sunset

Tourists traveling in western Turkey should not miss springs in Pamukkale. White terraces, lacy, white walls, like fluffy, reflected in ponds and waterfalls frozen stalactites like to surround the entire area. Oleander pink flowers, dark mountains with pine forests rises behind them, as if to emphasize that shines white in the sun.

Tourists today are descendants of wealthy Romans 2000 years ago. They come to bathe in the healing water and admire the white terraces on the hills beyond the old city.
Pamukkale means "cotton castle". Some say the name comes from the appearance of the walls fluffy. Local legends say that there giants dryed their harvest of cotton.
Formations are the result of volcanic activity many hot springs that come to the surface located on a plateau above. Water sources is high in lime and other minerals dissolved thru the rock by rainwater that seeps into the ground.

One of the most interesting archaeological finds in the area is the sanctuary of Hades, god of the underworld. The underground volcanic activity which causes the hot springs also forced carbon dioxide into a cave, used for religious purposes by priests of Cybele, who found ways to appear immune to the suffocating gas. The sanctuary is located next to the temple dedicated to Apollo, god of the sun, medicine, poetry and music. The buildings were placed close to each other, as opposed powers of the gods to complement each other. Not far away are the ruins of a Roman theater and Byzantine churches.
South baths today house a museum where you can admire the old rooms of the Spa - caldarium and frigidarium, but also numerous sculptures and other objects found during archaeological excavations in the area.

In antiquity, on the springs plateau was Hierapolis, a town founded by Eumenes II, king of the Greek city of Pergamon, and later included in the Roman Empire. Resort qualities were appreciated by many Roman emperors and nobles. When the city was destroyed in an earthquake in 60 AD, on that place was built a most impressive city with wide streets, public baths, an amphitheater and homes equipped with hot water.

Outside the city walls stretches a vast cemetery, with 1,200 graves, some of them very impressive and elaborately decorated, from centuries II and III, tumulus and small temples. This is one of the largest cemeteries in Turkey and the Orient.

For thousands of years, hot mineral springs are famous for their healing properties. The waters are rich in minerals consisting of calcium sulfate, magnesium sulfate and bicarbonate. They contain carbon dioxide and radioactivity of 56 Bq (or 1537 pCuri). Water temperature varies between 36 degrees C and 38 degrees C, pH is 6, and the mineral content is 2430 mg / l.

Water can be used both for drinking and bathing. It is recommended to treat gynecological disorders and skin diseases, rheumatism, nervous and physical fatigue, as well as digestive and feeding disorders.
Natural terraces of Pamukkale and volcanic hot springs have been included in the UNESCO World Heritage in 1998.