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Cappadocia - a natural wonder of Turkey

Cappadocia, Turkey, Europe, Cave dwellings

Cappadocia is generally regarded as a mountainous region of eastern Anatolia. Here regularly met many cultures throughout time and it were the place where they lived Hittites. The soil of Cappadocia is formed from sand stones and salt deposits during the Mycenaean civilization. Yet, the small area of fertile soil with volcanic rock is home to the densest population. Southern area of Cappadocia, the most populated, is often regarded as the heart region, although it lies in the southwest. Besides cereals, Cappadocia is known for potatoes, fruit and wine.

The origins of this unusual region, dates back 50 million years ago, when craters and natural terraces dominated the landscape. Since then, substantial amounts of rock and lava were thrown from the volcanoes. Forces of erosion have created incredible formations, of Cappadochia. For centuries, people have dug in soft earth and created houses, monasteries, churches and underground cities. Underground cities were used by Christians as hiding places, until their religion was unanimously accepted. Monastic Valley is over 50 churches carved into the rock that extend beyond the old city, semi-troglodyte houses, forming a narrow line. People still live in these caves and visitors can see old women who baked bread in ovens 400 years old, and children making mud pies, the rock above the rooftops. Guzelyurt, was declared a nature reserve and new houses were all made of rock, to maintain its distinct architecture of Cappadocia.

The history of Cappadocia began in prehistoric. Culture of Hittites (2500-2000 BC.) Dating from the Bronze Age until the second millennium BC after the Hittite, Assyrians (2000-1800 BC) and were held here some areas of commercial transactions. Phrygians were the ones that dominated the region since 1250 BC but the Lydians were expelled in the mid-6th century BC by Persians, who dominated the region until 334 BC.

In the year 17 AD region has become a Roman province, here is built fairs and military routes, being strongly encouraged to populate the area. When Asia Minor became Christian, the first Christian community was in Cappadocia and those persecuted for their religion, sought refuge here. Thus, Cappadocia became the meeting point of several ethnic groups, and all left their mark on culture and religious teachings.

Basilius the Great, Archbishop of Caesars, inspired many religious colonies that led monastic lifestyle for over 1,000 years in Cappadocia. Invasions, first from Turkmenistan and Mongolia and then from the Persian Turkish Seljuks were ended the motion.

There are many places that need to be seen in Cappadocia such as chimneys enchanting Goreme Valley National Park, rock churches, underground cities Kaymakli, Derinkuyu or Ozkonak, and Pasabag Zelve Valley, Avanos with its pottery and carpets, Uchisar rock fortress, fortress of rock Ortahisar, Urgup, Ihlara Valley, Soganli, Sinasos and Hacibektas. Summer (May to November) can be booked a few excursions: balloon trips over the chimney, trips, horse riding, bike or bike rides through the valleys of Cappadocia.

Cappadocia is located in central Turkey and distances from major cities are: Istanbul - 729 km, Izmir - 763 km, Antalya - 538, Ankara - 275 km. From Ankara, the journey by car takes about 4 hours.