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Mausoleum of Augustus

Rome, Italy, Mausoleum of Augustus, Outside view

The mausoleum of August in the Campus Martius in Rome is a cylindrical tomb and is the final resting place of the imperial family.

Augustus mausoleum is a large circular building with a diameter of 87 meters and a height of 44 meters. The lower floor was covered with earth, above it was a portico at different levels were galleries . Top of the building was earth and cypresses were planted. For the monument were used concrete, bricks, stones and travertine. The building is of great influence on the mausoleum of Hadrian, also called the Castel Sant'Angelo.

The mausoleum fits well with the other advertising structures which Augustus had erected in Rome during his reign (1927 BC-1914 AD). Like many of his other works because it referred directly to the Iulische family located here, would be honored. The mausoleum was also not only for the emperor himself, but also for his offspring and relatives. In addition, it referred to the building by its form Etruscan tumuli, which also honored in August proved to Italic heritage and shared moral and religious backgrounds of the Romans.

The mausoleum was placed in the Campus Martius (Mars Field), which occupied a central place in the city. It was a meeting place for youth and various key figures of the town buildings there were places, like the first stone theater of Pompey and the Ara Pacis of Augustus.

In the twelfth century the building was used by the Colonna family as fort, after which it declined. Early twentieth century there was occasional concerts, until in the thirties, commissioned by the Italian dictator Mussolini began a restoration. Identified himself with Mussolini after his death in august and would have liked to be placed in the mausoleum. This has never happened. Today the mausoleum is limited to the public.