The Duomo is located in the old city center of Milan. The area is where the Cathedral now stands, was in the 4th century, the religious heart of Milan. The cathedral is the third largest basilica in the world. When you travel to Milan, the cathedral is worth a visit. Both the interior and exterior architectural show what quality is and how religion is experience.
At the spot where the cathedral now stands, were used until the 14th century, including the Basilica Santa Maria Maggiore and Santa Tecla. There were also chapel formerly Christian baptism as the San Giovanni and the Santo Stefano Fonti all in this place. All these buildings were demolished to make room for the new cathedral.
The construction of the Duomo began in 1386. The Bishop Antonio da Saluzzo gave this command. The Duke Gian Galeazzo Visconti then invited Lombard, French and German architects to work in Milan. Duke also wanted that candoglia marble to be used for the construction of the cathedral. Initially, the Duomo was constructed of brick, but the Duke saw it and considered that real marble have to be used instead of bricks. All the marble slabs that would be used were marked with the letters that came from AUF and USUM fabrication. These letters made sure that no duty was payable. In order to build the Duomo the year 1390 was proclaimed to year jubilee. The population of Milan was hereby encouraged to contribute to the construction of the cathedral by donating money or labor.
The construction of the cathedral lasted very long. Five centuries after the start of construction, the cathedral was finally finished. Because the working over several centuries at the Cathedral the architectural style was change every time when the generation of workers were changed. There is a mix of styles that can be seen in the architecture of the cathedral. The cathedral was consecrated in 1418, but the Duomo was just finished in the time of Napoleon. Napoleon left in the Milan Cathedral even as king of Italy crowns.
The mix of architectural styles is good and you will see the Dome of the approaching front. The facade has until the first row of windows a baroque appearance, while the cathedral is in the Gothic period of its origin. As you get higher into the wall, you see the neo-Gothic arch windows and pinnacles. Only in the 19th century, the facade was entirely completed.
On entering the cathedral, it is immediately impressive interior. The crossbow high arches stretch for you when you walk into the cathedral. Under these arches, you can count 52 pillars. These pillars represent the week of the year. The capitals on the pillars are adorned with images again. Also, these pillars stand of the separation between the five aisles of the cathedral that the ship counts. A nice detail is the meridian that is behind the facade of the floor. The astronomers of Brera in 1786, these were made to the floor. Give a ray of sunlight around noon of the day.
Remarkable are the stained-glass windows. The scenes on the windows to see come from the Bible and many date from the 19th century. These stained-glass windows are so old yet, that one scene is from the fifth window in the right aisle (current from the facade of the church). This window dates from around 1470 and depicts the life of Christ. There is also a mosaic dedicated to the life of John the Evangelist (1477). The new stained-glass window dates from 1988. A number of windows are showing scenes from the Old Testament. This estimate originated in the 16th century. Behind the apse of the church is lit by three large 19th century stained-glass windows of the brothers Bertini. On these windows are depicting some scenes from the Old and New Testament and the Apocalypse.
In the left transept (current from the facade of the church) is 5 meters high candlestick to see, the candlestick - Trivulzio. This is a 12th century masterpiece of Nicola da Verdun. He was a goldsmith. The candlestick is also richly decorated with scenes from the Old Testament and the Three Wise Men on their way to an enthroned Mary. At its base are the arts, crafts and virtues portrayed in the form of fantastic figures. This candlestick is a superb example of medieval goldsmith and was donated in 1562 by Gian Battisto Trivulzio.
The vault above the choir gives a small red light on the place of a niche where since 1461 a horseshoe nail of the cross of Christ is preserved. This nail was previously filed in the Santa Maria Maggiore. The nail was found by St. Helena. She gave the nail back to her son Emperor Constantine. Later the nail donated to St. Ambrogio, who is also the patron saint of Milan. Every year on September 14 is the final nail in the audience. The bishop of Milan will be raised at the height of the recess in which the nail on a kind of balcony is decorated. In the crypt are the remains of the Basilica of Santa Tecla still can be find. There are also remains of the octagonal Baptistery where Sant\'Ambrogio in the year 387 Saint Augustine might have doped.
The interior of the Duomo has many nice things to look at, but a visit to the cathedral must not pass without a visit on the roof of the cathedral. The view over the city from the rooftop is gorgeous! You are moving on the terrace if it were a \"bunch\" of pinnacles, the oldest dating from 1404.