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Reichstag - German Parliament building

Reichstag, Berlin, Front overview

Reichstag, German Parliament building is one of the most important sights, and history in Berlin. Parliament building is near the Brandenburg Gate and before the unification of Germany was even approached the Berlin Wall.

After founding the German Empire in 1872, there was a greater need for a building of the Berlin Parliament. They had to pass another 10 years before we could reach agreement on the project. A competition was held, and from 183 participants, only Paul Wallot project was chosen. German architect has created an imposing neo-Renaissance building, 137 meters long with a width of 97 meters.

The building was built between 1884 and 1894, was funded mainly with money from France, obtained after the war won by Prussia in 1871. The inscription "Dem Deutschen Volk" (To the German people) was added later in 1916 by Emperor Wilhelm II. The letters were made from bronze cannons captured from the French.

In 1933 a fire erupted in the building, destroying much of the Reichstag. And today it is still unclear who put fire, but was once a communist fault. This event brought a party of Hitler, which came to power shortly after that. The building suffered more damage to the end of the war, when Soviet troops entered Berlin. Picture of a Red Army soldier raising the Soviet flag on the Reichstag is a one of the most famous images of 20th century and symbolizes the defeat of Nazi Germany.

After the war, the Reichstag came in West Berlin, right next to the Berlin Wall. It was rebuilt between 1958 and 1972 but the central dome and most of the ornaments have been removed. In the period when Germany was divided, the West German Parliament assembled here once a year as a way to show that Bonn is only a temporary capital. After unification, it has decided almost immediately, moving the Bundestag from Bonn to Berlin. The decision to move the renovation resulted in a new building which was started in 1995 and was completed in 1999.

In a project of Sir Norman Foster was added a glass dome over the plenary hall. Although at first it was the subject of controversy, the dome has become one of the most representative images of the city. Since April 1999, the Reichstag is once again host the Bundestag. Part of the Reichstag building is open to the public. A lift takes tourists on the roof where they can climb right on the dome with a spiral staircase.

Platz der Republik 1
10 557 Berlin

Admission is free.

Daily - 8:00 a.m. - 11:55 p.m.

Metro - Brandenburger Tor: U55
Bus - Reichstag / Bundestag: 100, M85
Train - Brandenburger Tor: S1, S2, S25