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Extraordinary Pergamon Museum

Pergamon Museum, Berlin, Germany, Pergamon altar hall

One of the five great museums that are on the Museum Island is the Pergamon Museum. Is the newest of these museums, being open in 1930. Name of the museum is given by Pergamon Altar, a huge monument that occupies an entire room into a museum.

Designed by Alfred Messel and Ludwig Hoffmann later, Pergamon Museum was built to complement the nearby museum, Kaiser Wilhelm Museum (now the Bode Museum), which had become too small to host exhibits brought here from the German excavation works around the world. The idea of the new museum came in 1907 and being taken this idea to finish took 20 years, from 1910 until 1930. It was opened in one of the most tumultuous periods in Germany and was also almost completely destroyed during the bombing during the Second World War.

Fortunately many of the exhibits were stored elsewhere to be kept safe and biggest exhibits that could not be moved were built to protect. In 1945, part of the original collection was taken in Russia and it is still the Hermitage Museum or the Museum Pushkin. Some items were returned in 1950 but due to Russian law on refunds many still remained in the two museums.

Pergamon Museum in Berlin is divided into three different sections: Ancient Collection, Museum of Islamic Art Museum and the Middle East. Department of Greek and Roman antiquities is the most praised and certainly is one of the most beautiful areas of the museum. Visitors can see some huge exhibits such as the Pergamon Altar (180-160 BC), it is so huge that it hosted an entire room. Built in Pergamon, Asia Minor, as an altar of Zeus, the giant structure is the piece de resistance of the museum. Here can be seen also the beautiful Roman who was the entering the gate of Miletus market, all of Asia Minor, on the territory of Turkey today.

Museum of the Middle East is known as one of the most important collections of antiquities museum’s exhibit of Babylonia, Persia and Assyria. The ancient oriental treasures that are still here is 6000 years of history of the Middle East exhibited in 14 rooms with an area of 2000 square meters. Museum visitors should not miss the Ishtar Gate of Babylon and King Nebuchadnezzar's throne room facade. There is also a model of the Tower of Babel in the Babylonian Hall.

Museum of Islamic Art, focused mainly on the Middle East, including Egypt and Persia, has all sorts of art exhibits in the ninth century until the nineteenth century. Here are exposed jewelry, wood sculptures, textiles, calligraphy exhibits, ceramics and more.