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Musee du Louvre

Paris, France, Pyramid at Louvre Museum

Musee du Louvre is a large palace in Paris, houses one of the most outstanding and largest art collections in the world.

The first castle on the site of the existing Louvre was built by Philip II in 1190 as defensive against attacks by the Vikings. Charles V was a royal palace of the castle and spent part of his library under.

The palace was badly suffering from the Hundred Years War (1337-1453) and in 1528 the old castle was demolished. Soon there were plans for the castle in the prevailing style of the renaissance to rebuild-b-.

In 1546, architect Pierre Lescot appointed to his design for a new palace, four wings around a large courtyard (the Cour Carre) plant. The first wing, the Sully wing, is the oldest part of the Louvre today. During the reigns of Francis I, Henry II and Charles IX was built under the design of Lescot. At the end of this long period, only two of the four wings were ready and the missing two wings in the seventeenth century.

In 1564 was commissioned by Catherine de'Medici to the palace of the Tuileries was built, which was about 500 meters away from the Louvre. This palace was later connected to the Louvre by Henry IV through a wing (the core of the Denon wing). Henry had ideas about expanding and improving the palace, which later generations were implemented. However, Louis XIV decided to move his entire household to the Palace of Versailles, after the Louvre no longer served as a palace.

The new administrator of the Louvre, Count Angiviller, got the idea in 1779 to become part of the royal art collection to accommodate the palace. Through the French Revolution, the plan was delayed. In 1791 it was decided that the Louvre museum would be a national heritage. There was an enormous collection of art treasures gathered from around the world. In 1793 the museum opened its doors.

In the first year that the museum was open did it primarily as a source of inspiration for artists and students. They were there the whole week running around while the audience only allowed visiting the museum on Sunday. Napoleon III, the museum is also opened weekdays for ordinary citizens, making it a modern Louvre museum.

Under Napoleon I and III were different parts of the museum building, such as the Richelieu wing. In 1871 destroyed the Tuileries, which the museum today on the west side is not completed.

In the eighties, under the leadership of President Mitterand (and as part of its "Grand Travaux") were a plan for the Louvre to expand because of the increasing number of visitors. The Richelieu wing, which then was part of the Ministry of Finance, was added and under the direction of architect Ieoh Ming Pei, the Grand Louvre was built in two phases (1987 and 1993).

In the first phase, the glass pyramid was built. It sits above a basement under the old courtyard of Napoleon. The great pyramid, where a smaller number next to them, let daylight into the atrium below, which in turn is connected to the wings of the museum. The underground section of the museum, except the pyramid and a few skylights, is invisible.

The glass pyramid shows clearly the structure of steel rods from which it is made. In combination with the fountains around the pyramid has a dynamic appearance. Besides the passage of daylight in the atrium of the pyramid has the function of reference point and she is a connection between past and present. The palace with glass pyramids is a good example of combining old and modern architecture.