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Martinique - the most beautiful country in the world

Martinique, France, Amazing sunset with sailors

When he discovered it in 1493, Columbus called it "The most beautiful country in the world" and, before him, Arawak and Carib Indians called the island Madinina, "Flower Island". Tourism is a major part of the economy. Every year hundreds of visitors are attracted by the picturesque volcanic landscape, sandy beaches surrounded by sugar plantations, palm trees and banana island of Martinique. Due to location, the island is a stopover for many cruise ships.

French and Creole heritage is manifested in culinary habits, traditions and language of the inhabitants. Most of them are a mixture of descendants of French settlers and slaves brought from Africa to work on plantations on the island. Dominant rhythm on the island is "Zouk" music similar to meringue animated, but only for the French West Indies. Finally, do not leave the island without tasting rum awarded the prestigious French label "appellation d'origine controlee" previously only reserved for French wines and cheese.

Main attractions

• Let you excited about the streets and markets colored flowing capital Fort-de-France. The park is downtown Savanna, with the statue that commemorates the Empress Josephine a, native of the island. Her home, The Pager is one of the main attractions. The museum is full of objects that remind the empress. Nearby is the Parc des Floralies a peaceful botanical garden.

• Visit Musee Departement, which houses the Arawak and Carib Indians remains. There is a Caribbean art center interesting.

• Visit St. Louis Cathedral in the seventeenth century, with a bell tower in Romanesque style. In the cathedral are buried several governors of the island.

• In northern Montagne Pele the volcano is 1430 m in height, which last erupted in 1902, destroying the town of St. Pierre and the entire population of 30,000 inhabitants. The remains of the city are now a tourist attraction. The museum contains exhibits Volcanology, photographs and documents which tells the story of disaster. Some historic buildings are now renovated and restored. Gray sand beach is popular with locals. You can dive wrecks to view vessels were in port during the eruption. All but one, sank.

• Near Le Carbet, where Columbus landed in the fourth voyage in 1502, you can visit the restored plantation Leyritz. Paul Gauguin Art Center is located in Le Carbet and contains exhibits and works of artists of the period as he lived on the island.

• In South Pointe du Bout island is the main resort in Martinique. Le Diamant and Les Anses dArlets have some of the best places to swim.

• Do not leave the island without tasting the famous rum - St. James Distillery at Sainte-Marie in the north operates rum museum, a modern museum is Rhum Clement Domaine Acajou and in Le Francois.

Gastronomy

Culinary habits on the island are characterized by French and Caribbean influences. And Creole cuisine is prevalent and represents a combination of French traditions, Indian and African, seasoned with exotic spices. National specialties include shellfish, sea shells, crabs stuffed, stewed oysters, "Colombo" - a kind of goat meat, chicken or lamb in a spicy sauce. "Ti Punch" is a drink of rum, lemon juice, bitters and syrups, and "planteur" is made from rum and fruit juice.

History

By the time it was discovered in 1493 d Columbus, Martinique, was inhabited by Arawak and Carib Indians. Island showed no particular interest to the foundation in 1635 the French colony. British tried to occupy the island in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, but it, along with Guadeloupe, remained under French control. Slavery was abolished in 1848, and the late nineteenth century tens of thousands of Indians came to the island to replace the freed slaves. Martinique and Guadeloupe were administered as part of the French Antilles. Instead follow the path of independence; in 1964 the two islands were incorporated into the French nation status department overseas.

Apolitical evolution was slow until 1974, when Martinique, Guadeloupe and French Guiana with receiving a degree of local autonomy and economic policy. Increased level of autonomy in 1982 and 1983, according to the decentralization policy introduced by Mitterrand. With the exception of defense and security, control is local. French policy in the region now supports a link between French possessions and other Caribbean nations.

Useful information

Status: overseas department of France
Capital: Fort-de-France
Local Time: GMT -4
Main languages spoken: French (official), Creole
Currency: Euro