WorldAllDetails Logo

Destinations


Travel Europe Croatia Welcome to Croatia

Welcome to Croatia

Plitvice Lakes National Park, Croatia, Waterfall

With a coastline that stretches thousands of miles and over 1,000 islands with a temperate Mediterranean climate, Croatia is an irresistible destination. Discover the charming Venetian towns with red roofs photographed by thousands of artists, rocky mountain chains and seafood from the Adriatic. Although the coast is undoubtedly the main attraction, do not avoid the wave of Istrian mainland hills, towns, delicious food, good wine and truffles that bring to mind comparisons with Tuscany. Considering the terrain, Croatia can be divided into three distinct regions - the coastal region, the mountains and the Pannonian region.

Eastern Slavonia region of the country, offers the city of Osijek on the river and winning spirit of Vukovar, which still is recovering from the ravages of civil war, as well as vineyards and castles. A paradise for gourmets and those who love sun, Croatia is a destination for adventurers. Primordial nature offers excellent conditions for biking, hiking and climbing. On the coast you can use a variety of water sports and island Brac hosts a Regule Vank, an annual extreme sports event.

Main attractions

• Zagreb is the economic, cultural and administrative, of Croatia. Visit the historical monuments of Gornji Grad - Cathedral Church of St Mark and Sabor, the Croatian parliament. Museum describes the history of art and craft manufacturing over the centuries in Croatia, Mimara Museum has a rich collection of paintings, sculptures and ceramics. Admire the dramatic sculptures workshop Mestrovic.

• Head for the hills and undulating vineyards of Zagorje, just north of Zagreb. Explore castles Veliki Tabor and Trakoscan.

• Dubrovnik is a medieval city listed as World Heritage by UNESCO, surrounded by old walls of the thirteenth century and overlooking the Adriatic Sea. Visit the great monuments such as the Rector's Palace, Franciscan Monastery and delightful baroque churches. Dubrovnik Summer Festival from July to August you and offers cultural events and outdoor performances of jazz, theater and classical music.

• Take a trip into the past in the city of Split, economic and cultural center of central Dalmatia region. The city was founded in the third century Roman emperor Diocletian. The historic center is inside the castle walls. Monuments Archaeological Museum presents the first examples of Croatian art.

• Walk in the small medieval town of Trogir, founded by Greeks in the third century BC. Discover beautiful Venetian Gothic buildings.

• In Pula you can get an impression of Roman Croatia. You can watch a concert in roman arena built in the fifth century BC.

• Navigate to Brijuni National Park, an archipelago of 14 islands located off the primordial nature of the west coast of Istria. You can spend the night on the largest island, Veli Brijuni.

• Built on a small peninsula town of Porec dates back to Roman times. You can climb the tower Euphrasius basilica, which is declared World Heritage by UNESCO. Admire the superb mosaics and the basilica.

• Romantic cities Motovun, Grožnjan Buje and are ideal for a trip, starting on the coast of Istria.

• Visit the historic center and main port city of Zadar in northern Dalmatia. Wander the narrow streets and cobbled, enjoy a coffee in the Roman forum and listen to classical music recitals in the church of St Donats in the nineteenth century.

• The second tourist center of northern Dalmatia is Sibenik. You can visit the cathedral in the historic center secoclul XV and architecture that is specific to Croatia.

• Take a boat trip to Krka National Park, where the river has carved a canyon picturesque island famous for its waterfall and Visovac Skradin where there is a Franciscan monastery.

• Plitvice Lakes National Park is one of the main attractions of Croatia. The park is a land of stories, with 16 turquoise lakes and waterfalls.

• Kornati National Park consists of over 90 islands scattered across 300km square. Islands are inhabited and have a rough and rocky landscape practically bare. Some stone cottage offers a Robinson Crusoe style holiday.

• Explore also the Blue Grotto and wrecks off the island of Vis, the furthest inhabited island of Croatia.

• Take a tour of Mljet National Park, located in Green Island with the same name. The park contains dense forests and saltwater lakes. In the center of a lake is the island monastery of St Mary and Benedict.

• Follow the footsteps of Marco Polo to Korkula city, a marvel of medieval urban planning that charm visitors since 1920.

Gastronomy

Croatia has a kitchen heterogeneous, with differences from one region to another, the proto-Slavic roots especially seen in the continental regions. Many traditional festivals are related to culinary ways, be it physical activities (gathering fruit or building a house), religion (Christmas, Easter, pilgrimages, holy days) or critical events in everyone's life (baptism, wedding day birth, burial). Some are public holidays, while others are celebrated in the family, but for each there is one dish. The pilgrimages and at fairs to eat pork and potatoes, Christmas Eve and Holy Friday is eat cod, and New Year's Day to prepare pork. Donuts are always present at carnivals, and south to prepare something like donuts, called hrostule. Easter ham and boiled eggs served with vegetables and dessert is composed of several traditional dishes. Kulen is a kind containing sausage spicy and is served at the harvest. The Christmas goose is prepared meat, turkey and other birds, and cabbage. At weddings it serves a variety of culinary dishes and dozens of cakes and sweets. Some favorite dishes include meat Croatian lamb and pork roasted over a barbecue, smoked ham, cheese, sour cream and soup over.

History

Former 'Roman province' of Pannonia, Croatia was colonized by croatians in the seventh century. They became Christians between VII and IX centuries and adopted the Roman alphabet under the leadership of Charlemagne. In 925 Croats defeated the Byzantines and the Franks, founded his own independent kingdom that reached its moment of glory in the eleventh century. In 1098 civil war broke out, which gave Hungary the opportunity to conquer the country in 1901. Signing the Treaty Pacta Convention by Croatian tribal chiefs and the Hungarian king in 1102 united the two nations under the Hungarian king, but Croatia kept its autonomy. After the Turks were defeated Hungary in 1526, Croatia su Hungary elected as king by arch duke Ferdinand of Hapsburg Austria. After the founding of Austro-Hungarian Empire in 1867, Croatia became part of Hungary until the empire collapsed in 1918.

When the Germans invaded Yugoslavia in 1941 Croatia became a Nazi puppet state. Croatian fascists slaughtered many Serbian and Hebrew during the Second World War. In 1990, Mau and Communists held elections that led the country after the fall of Germany was defeated the National Party headed by Franjo Tudjman. After June 1991 the Croatian Parliament Croatian nation declared independence, following intense fighting with the Yugoslav army dominated by Serbia, fight that ended with thousands of deaths and destruction. In 1992 it signed a ceasefire agreement, and UN forces sent to maintain peace and protect the Serb minority. Following the referendum in 1993 the portion occupied by Serbs of Croatia, Krajina, voted almost unanimously for union with the Serbs in Bosnia and Serbia. Although the government in Zagreb and the Serb minority representatives signed a ceasefire agreement in 1994, after negotiations failed. In 1999 President Tudjman died, and his party was defeated by a reformist center-left coalition headed by Ivica Racan. In 2003, however, right coalition took power, proclaiming driving less nationalistic and more moderate than before 1999.

Useful information

Croatia is Mediterranean-continental climate, very hot summers and predominantly harsh winters, along the coast winters are mild and summers dry. Currency is Croatian Kuna and languages are Croatian, Serbian, Italian and Slovenian. Official time is GMT +1. Electricity: 220-240 V, 50 Hz.

Between May and September is the most suitable to visit this wonderful country. July and August are extremely busy on the Adriatic coast. September is the most favorable month, when the off-season, with lower rates and also when the season fruits like figs and grapes. In April and October is cooler, and although not the best season for camping, hotel rooms are accessible and welcoming. You can swim from mid-June until late September.