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Travel Asia South Korea Seoul - Palaces and factories in the same place

Seoul - Palaces and factories in the same place

Seoul, South Korea, Asia, Gyeongbokgung bridge

Seoul annually attracts many tourists, due to its character very diverse. On the right bank of the Han River are many homes that are real architectural monuments. Tourists who walk through traditional restaurants, shops and stalls here, can feel the atmosphere of old Seoul.

Temples, palaces, beautiful gardens, parks and buildings that house the ancient culture appeal to enthusiasts. Proponent’s modern architecture can visit not only downtown, but also sports goals, two huge stadiums built during the 1988 Olympics and 2002 World Cup.

Seoul is one of the oldest capitals of the world. When founding the city bore the name Hanyang. After being chosen residence of the Yi dynasty in 1394, began to use the current name, meaning "capital" in Korean. During the Japanese occupation, the city was called Gyeongseong. A quarter of the population lives in Seoul.

In the early 15th century, Seoul was surrounded by a wall 18 km long. A long time the city has not spread beyond these fortifications. Flourishing the city began only in the 19th century, with the railway construction and industrialization appearance. The structure behind the walls that has survived until today, only partially, it was pretty simple, only two straight and wide streets traveling across town from the western to the eastern gate.

In Seoul survived many beautiful buildings dating from the 14th and 15th centuries, such as Gyeongbokgung Palace and the Palace Toksugung, Changdokkung Palace, Palace Chongmyo. Namsan Park in May is worth visiting, Pagoda Park, Namdemun Market, Market Tongdemun National Museum. Namdemun, the city's western gate, built in 1488, is the oldest wooden monument of the capital.

Seoul is the cultural center of the country, here running two state universities, many private educational institutions, theaters and museums.

Seoul where lives a quarter of the South Korea population has many years of strong economic growth engine. In 1962, two thirds of people still living from agriculture. "Five-Year Economic Development Plan" it gave the signal of the beginning of the economic revolution that has taken to the transformation of South Korea from an agricultural country, in an industrialized. Seoul has "swallowed" dozens of surrounding villages and has become the largest metropolis in Asia.

In the capital and its surroundings were created initially, small factories, raised near homes, and countless workshops, producing for the domestic needs whatever was considered necessary by the locals.

Soon, however, the central power in this country ruled by the dictatorial methods of the early '60s decided to set up state-owned land in Seoul and in the cities, giant corporations (the so-called chaebol), which use inexpensive hand the work in factories and in workshops craftsmen.

Privileges and foreign financial aid was distributed by the government restrains a group of families, very rich, and industrial giants owned by them. So far most of them are in industrial districts Pusan port in the south, and in Seoul.

Capital city produces a wide variety of cars, electronic equipment, computers and processors. These products are exported all over the world through the port of Inchon, located at the mouth of the Han River, west of the capital.

What you have to know:
- During the Japanese occupation period, Seoul had Gyeongseong name;
- During the Korean War between 1950 and 1953 which sealed the division of the country, burned all the trees on the hills surrounding the city of Seoul. Currently most of these lands have been reforestation;
- In Seoul, took place in 1988 Summer Olympics, which contributed to the country's international recognition;
- Just 50 kilometers from Seoul goes parallel 38 degrees north. Since 1948, it forms the border guarded vigorously, between South Korea and North Korea. At the end of the Korean War was established another border, which crosses the parallel of 38, at a right angle, from southwest to northeast.

Climate:

Is temperate-continental. There are cold and dry winters and hot summers. It is found a strong influence of monsoons. The average temperature in January reaches -7 degrees and 26 degrees Celsius in August.

What is worth to be viewed?
- Palaces: Gyeongbokgung, Toksugung, Changdokkung and Chongmyo;
- Parks: Namsan and Pagoda;
- Markets: Namdemun and Tongdemun;
- National Museum
- Temples from around the city.