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Travel Asia Nepal Touch the sky - Everest

Touch the sky - Everest

Nepal, Asia, Everest with sunny peaks

On the border between Nepal and China, located in the Himalayas is Mount Everest. The Himalayas formed millions of years ago when India suddenly began to shift to the north. When India collided on against Asia shoved a piece of India beneath Asia and became the ocean floor with tremendous force pushed up.-b-

Some scientists say that Mount Everest is still growing. As the tectonic plates of India and Asia, a huge force on each other, the mountains would still be pushed a little further up.

George Everest

Only discovered in 1947 Andrew Waugh of the British Indian Survey the mountain. At first he did not realize how high the mountain was. Mount Everest was then named Peakb. Waugh in 1954 changed the name to Peak XV. When it became clear that Peak XV was the highest mountain on earth they found a name would be more upscale. To unrest among the local population to prevent the British Ordnance Survey gave preference to a local name. There was, however, Waugh disagrees. He proposed to name the mountain to his predecessor, George Everest. Despite the protests of George Everest include Waugh himself was yet defined. In 1865 the mountain by the National Geographic Society officially recognized as Mount Everest.

Climbing

On May 29, 1953 reached the New Zealander Edmund Hillary and Nepalese Sherpa Tenzing Norgay were the first to the summit of Mount Everest. Following Hillary and Norgay reached the summit around 1200 climbers. On the way to the top as much as175 climbers were killed. The Mount Everest climb not just happen. Not just the cold or the climb, the journey so heavy, but as you climb, the air pressure changes. On top of Mount Everest is that approximately 70% lower than at sea level. This means that the climbers only 30% of the normal number of oxygen molecules in their diet. This makes the heart beat faster, can suffer from hallucinations (seeing things that are not there). The most dangerous is that the pressure on the body fluid from the capillaries in the brains and lungs. Why most climbers with oxygen during their journey. The Italian Reinold Messner managed however to be the first to reach the summit without supplemental oxygen.

Waste

The past 50 years have a lot of climbers on Mount Everest waste left behind. Oxygen bottles, clothing, tents. in total, many people over 50 years about 50 tons of waste. That's about 44.4 pounds per successful climber. Obviously this cannot go on forever. And therefore there are plans to organize cleanup expeditions. They want to start about 2.4 tons of waste removed from the mountain.

Several records

- May 29, 1953 First successful ascent
- May 16, 1975 First woman on Mount Everest
- August 21, 1980 First solo ascent without oxygen
- October 8, 1984 First Dutch Mount Everest
- May 17, 1995 Constantin Lacatusu became the first Romanian to summit.
- May 13, 1999 First Dutch woman on Mount Everest
- May 27, 1999 First disabled on Mount Everest
- October 7, 2000 First full ski run from Mount Everest
- May 25, 2001 First blind climbs Mount Everest
- May 30, 2002 First Dutch climb without oxygen
- May 29, 2005 First Serbian expedition of a six man team from Vojvodina province reached the summit.
- May 22, 2010 Jordan Romero, 13, became the youngest American to climb Everest

Party

In 2003 it was 50 years ago that man first set foot on the summit of Mount Everest.Therefore, many climbers were important to correct in that year to break all records. On May 2, 2003 reached the 70-year Japanese Yuichiro Miura as the oldest in the history of the summit of Mount Everest. A day later, on May 3, 2003 was the year 1915 Napalese the youngest climber ever on the mountain. In 2003, further more records broken. The Guinness Book of Records, a book that is published each year. It contains many accredited records.