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Travel Asia Lebanon Welcome to Lebanon

Welcome to Lebanon

Lebanon, Asia, Cedars with mountain in backround

Lebanese territory, composed of coast washed by the Mediterranean, mountain cliffs and fertile valleys, extends over a length of 225km and 46km wide. If you are looking for an adventure outside of walking trails, then Lebanon is the ideal destination. It also is the perfect destination for archeology enthusiasts and nature lovers and sun. Winter along the coast is mild, with warm days, but winter sports in the mountains have supremacy in the six resorts, with miles of slopes. If you come to Lebanon in late winter early spring, you have the opportunity to ski in the morning, then afternoon to take a dip in the sea water.

Capital Beirut had suffered greatly from the civil war that lasted 16 years, but today is in the process of reconstruction. Region near the seashore waits with beaches, restaurants, theaters and a variety of shops. Outside the capital, you can visit several monuments declared World Heritage by UNESCO. Many of them reflect ancient civilizations that have visited this country. Phoenician tombs, Crusader castles and mosques are just some of the attractions of cities and archaeological sites. Inside the mountain of Kadisha Valley are ancient monasteries, including a chapel carved in stone.

The main attractions

• Visit campus neo-Ottoman in Hamra Beirut American University, founded in 1868. Achrafieh is the other center and the headquarters of St. Joseph University and the place where there are numerous shops and restaurants.

• Admire the modern buildings and office buildings in the District Cathedral of Beirut.

• Capture the old Beirut in ancient markets, authentic reconstructed model. Turkish baths from Al-Nouzha offers other insights into ancient and Beirut National Museum presents the new collections.

• Visit Rocks in Raouche Pigeons, a neighborhood with a growing popularity, with a lively promenade at the western end of Beirut's. Stone formations seem to be sentinels off the coast.

• Admire the charm of the second city of Lebanon, Tripoli. The historic center of the foot Crusader castle contains many mosques, including al-Muallaq Burtasiyat Madrassa, Al-Qartawiyat Madrassa, Great Mosque and Tayna.

• Search turtles and rare birds on the Isle of Palms, listed as a UNESCO nature reserve, just outside of Tripoli.

• Admire Byblos, a city that has a reputation of being the oldest in the world. Excavations revealed artifacts dating from the Neolithic period and the Canaanites, Phoenician, Greek, Roman and Crusaders.

• Visit the marine castle built of stone from Roman remains, in the small port city of Sidon. You can see one of the best preserved temples of the Roman people in Baalbek, near the border with Syria. The columns of the temple of Jupiter rise behind a complex of other temples.

• Visit the spectacular Jeita caves, 20km north of Beirut. Galleries have two levels and include a channel below the underground water that can go with brace.

• Try diving in waters near the ancient city of Tyre. You can explore some underwater ruins. Discover also archaeological sites of Tyre. The first area contains a large district with buildings, public baths and mosaic streets, and the second area contains an extensive network of Roman-Byzantine roads. The area contains one of the three largest racetracks Roman ever found.

• Ski resorts in Lebanon - Bakish, Cedrii, Faqra, Faraya, Laklouk also Zarour, which offers excellent accommodation and facilities.

• Visit the Besharre Gibran Museum, better known as the place where Lebanese poet Khalil Gibran was born, author of the Prophet. The city is the "gate" Kadisha valley, a mountainous region famous for its cedars.

Gastronomy

Lunch is the main meal in Lebanon. Almost all kinds to eat with bread, two of the varieties of bread are khub, a kind of pita, also marqouq, bread thin as paper. Lebanese do not mix fish and dairy products. Mezze is a food that is served as an appetizer and can be any kind, served in small portions. Lebanese national way is kibbeh, made from lamb or beef and wheat.

The most common ingredients are Laban (a kind of yoghurt), rice, lentils, grape leaves, rose water, sesame, chickpeas and mint. Wine is produced in Lebanon for hundreds of years. A single drink is Arak, a kind of spirit with anise. Other popular drinks are very thick coffee, also tea with much sugar.

History

Between 2700 and 450 BC, was the center of today's Lebanon Phoenician cities. In the following centuries Lebanese mountains were a refuge for Christians, and Crusaders founded here a few fortresses. After 600 BC, the area was controlled by the Assyrians, Persians also Macedonians. Between 395 and 634 Lebanon was part of the Eastern Roman Empire and was conquered by the Caliphate in 638. Arab leadership was interrupted between 1099 also 1291, when European Christians founded the Kingdom of Jerusalem. After the fall of the Ottoman Empire, at the end of World War I, Lebanon is taken by France and Britain. Modern Lebanon's constitution was written in 1926 and specifies a balance of power between different religious groups also renaming the country the Republic of Lebanon. Country became independent in 1941, although French troops remain in Lebanon until 1946.

In 1957, Holy Rollers have sparked a political crisis and violent response to the government for help American forces. In the early 1970s, disagreements arose because of Palestinian refugees. In addition, intensified and conflicts between Muslims and Christians. In 1975 there arose a civil war, which left the country in ruins. Lebanon's political disintegration has led to foreign intervention.

In 1982 the Israelis attacked Lebanon to remove Palestine Liberation Organization forces. A new president, Bashir Gemaye is elected with the support of Israel. He was assassinated, and Israeli forces in West Beirut return to strengthen Muslim militants. With the support of the United Nations, Amin Gemayel is elected Lebanese parliament as president and try to obtain the withdrawal of Israeli and Syrian forces. Between 1985 and 1989, conflicts worsen also reconciliation efforts fail. In 1991 militias except Hezbollah, are abolished. Social and political instability and economic uncertainty fueled Lebanese monetary loss.

In 2005, the opposition launched Peaceful independence movement to free Lebanon. Under pressure forced Syria to announce the withdrawal of the Syrian army from Lebanon after 30 years of occupation.

Useful information

Lebanese are famous for their hospitality. Formula greeting is shaking hands. Residents have strong opinions, which they claim in debate. A favorite way to spend time is political discussions out loud. The same attitude prevails on the streets, where traffic signs are rare and are not respected and pedestrians crossing on where and when they want. Local time is GMT +2.