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Travel Asia Japan Quintessence of Japanese taste - Villa Katsura

Quintessence of Japanese taste - Villa Katsura

Kyoto, Japan, Katsura Imperial Villa front bridge

The villa of Katsura, near Kyoto is the Japanese imperial residence from the first half of the 17th century and is a linchpin in the Japanese architecture. The villa of Katsura played a fundamental role in the development of modern Japanese architecture in the work of Arata Isozaki and was an inspiration for architects like Frank Lloyd Wright, Le Corbusier, Walter Gropius, Kenzo Tange and Yasuhiro Ishimoto.

The villa was built in stages between 1620 and 1658 (early Edo period). The first building of the villa was built for Prince Toshihito (1579-1629). He was very interested in the story of Genji and Liett, a house on the place mentioned in the story. The first house was just a simple teahouse. Gradually the house has come to have more and more charisma and a garden with artificial hills and a pond. The villa was in the time of Prince Toshihito of two main buildings: the Ko-Shoin (old building) and Chu-shoin (intermediate building). The design of the villa was the tea ceremonies and architect Kobori Enshū was involved, but the villa of Katsura was mainly a creation inspired by the princes of the imperial family Hachijo.

After the death of the prince in 1629 became the property in disrepair. The son of the deceased prince, Toshitada, had the same literary interests as his father and when his financial resources were sufficient, he renovated the villa. Prince Toshitada dropped in 1641 Shin-troughs (New Palace) building and the fame of the imperial house grew, in 1658 and 1663 the villa was visited by the former Emperor Go-Mizunoo. Influenced by his visit the new palace was rebuilt. Unlike Ko-Shoin, Chu-Shin Soin was poured richly decorations. This change symbolizes the change of style shoin to Sukiya , Japanese freestyle. Nevertheless, the villa was whole. This is because the Sukiya style just at the beginning, and the basic principles of the Shoin style still used during the construction of the Shin-Goths.

Mainly driven by Wright, Le Corbusier and their contemporaries was the great example of the Japanese tradition in the architecture of the Western world accepted. The influence of Japan has long existed, but only from Western architects Wright felt attracted to Japanese architecture and the way the buildings were designed.

The villa was built in the year 1930 by the architect Bruno Taut elevated to a forerunner of modernism. He emphasized the simplicity of the Katsura Villa and gave themselves up to foreign influences. Often was described the house as "an eternal entity", a model that could be used to improve the quality of architecture in the 20th century, to enrich and improve.

The villa of Katsura shows a sharp boundary between the geometric shape of the housing and the roof, the straight standard forms of the walls are in contrast to the high roofs.
The gardens of the villa of Katsura are characterized by stretched lands, artificial hills and ponds. It seems like an exhibition space of the garden landscape paintings by the patterns of the successive landscapes. Along with the gardens the villa is one of the finest examples of the interplay between Japanese architecture and nature.