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The symbol of love, passion and grief - Taj Mahal

India, Asia, Taj Mahal front view

The Taj Mahal is one of the most famous tourist attractions of the world. It was built by the architect Ustad Isa and is in Agra, India. For the construction dates are given several options, ranging from a start date between 1630 and 1632 and a date between 1648 and 1654.

The Taj Mahal was built as a monument to Mumtaz Mahal (Arjumand Banu Begum) by her husband Shah Jehan, the fifth ruler of the great Mogul Empire. Mumtaz Mahal was of great importance for life and politics of her husband and according to the traditions, they had a strong bond of love. She died at the age of 39 in 1631, while she gave birth to her fourteenth child. In accordance with her last wishes her husband then built the huge tomb for her and - after his own death - for himself. Because of the strong love and grief of the ruler is called, the Taj Mahal also known as a symbol of love and passion. On the origin of the name is not everyone agrees: it is usually translated as "tiara/crown of the palace" and it is generally agreed that an abbreviated version of the name Mumtaz Mahal.

The architect has long remained unknown: only in the thirties of the twentieth century, the name of Ustad Isa found in old documents. The man was from Persia and the building's many features from centuries of Islamic tradition to recognize.
For the building were spared: there were probably 20,000 workers daily at work and materials were from all over India and Central Asia met with elephants 1000. So was red sandstone from Fatehpur Sikri met, jade and crystal from China, lapis lazuli and sapphire from Sri Lanka and diamonds from Panna. The whole building was also decorated with semiprecious stones, patterns in the plant world, multicolored marble and texts from the Koran.

To the mausoleum, the gardens and the mosque is a wall of about 600 to 300 meters. The monument stands on a square platform that is 7 meters high and on each of the four corners is bounded by a minaret of 41 meters high. In the middle is the central dome with a diameter of 20 meters and a height of 57 meters. The composition of shapes and lines of the Taj Mahal is perfectly symmetrical. Under the huge complex is a mosque of red sandstone located and gardens with plants and ponds. Unlike other Mogul tombs are the gardens in front of the tomb which is the sky background of the complex. This creates a special effect: the eternal sky's color does reflect on the white marble of the Taj Mahal.

The Taj Mahal is considered the highlight of the Mogul architecture and the influence of the eastern building, for example in the Royal Pavilion by John Nash to be recognized. The Taj Mahal is now a popular tourist attraction, every year approximately two million visitors. In 1983 the Taj Mahal were placed on World Heritage List of UNESCO. In 2007, the Taj Mahal was even named one of the seven new wonders, this time with the Great Wall and the Colosseum, in a battle in which more than 100 million votes. The Taj Mahal will play along other candidates known as the Athenian Acropolis, the Pyramids of Giza, the Kremlin, the Eiffel Tower and the Sydney Opera House behind.