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Travel America U.S.A. Louisiana Superdome

Louisiana Superdome

New Orleans, U.S.A., Louisiana Superdome, Outside evening view

In the American city of New Orleans is a striking domed building: The Louisiana Superdome. On this huge stadium are held various events. The Superdome is one of the most striking buildings in New Orleans and is used for various sports such as football, basketball, baseball, tennis and athletics. But carnivals, music festivals, concerts, exhibitions, circuses and ice shows attract many visitors to the Louisiana Superdome.

New Orleans wanted a stadium for football matches in the top division. The state of Louisiana therefore decided to amend the law that allows the sale of bonds to finance the construction. In 1971 started the construction of the stadium designed by architect Arthur Q Daviswas built in an area behind state, giving them a new boost of attraction. In 1975 the construction of the Superdome was completed.

The Superdome was erected from steel, but on the outside, the view is not disturbed by pillars or buttresses. With modern design techniques and building materials, the Louisiana Superdome is highly efficient building where many useful space. This is in contrast to Greek and Egyptian temples, where about sixty percent of the floor was occupied by columns.

The design of Davis is a marvel of engineering construction. There are 96 steel columns in four rows of a ring support. This ring, and with it, the roof, is resting on a large sliding bearings on all sides about eight inches slack. Through the roof the temperature can shrink or expand without damaging the structure. Along the circumference of the ring is an excellent framework of braces affixed to the forces of the wind to catch and deflect.

The dome spans without additional support throughout the area and has a diameter of 210 meters. The dome consists of triangular fins that from the highest point down attached. The steel roof is covered with a layer of polyurethane and injected with a thin layer of waterproof material called Hypalon bears.

The project of the Superdome was a financial success. Economists even called it "the most useful public building ever designed and one of the best investments the state of Louisiana has ever done". The construction of the Superdome, which cost 163 million U.S. dollars spent, the first twenty years has been 4.6 billion U.S. dollars in revenue.

The multi-functional, economical and technically innovative building design can accommodate over 80,000 spectators. In August 2005, the Louisiana Superdome, used to accommodate the evacuees of Hurricane Katrina.