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Travel America U.S.A. Hawaii - the birthplace of surfing and Hula dancing

Hawaii - the birthplace of surfing and Hula dancing

Hawaii, USA, Afternoon paradise

"That land ... wonderful atmosphere, a summer day long, delicious, and the passing into eternity u do not feel, for a heaven fall asleep and wake up in another." Twain's description of the Hawaiian Islands is as true today as it did in 1889. Here were born surfing and hula dancing. A land, where you will find some of the most active volcanoes in the world and also some of the highest mountains. Hawaii grows on its own - lava flows from active volcanoes such as Mount Kilauea form new land every day. There is even an island that forms from a few thousand meters below the ocean, near Big Island and already has a name: Loihi.

Beauty and activities that are available in Hawaii is enough to fill a lifetime of vacations, so that, for a first visit would not hurt a travel guide. Here are the objectives, you have to not miss:
• A tour of the National Cemetery of the Pacific located in Honolulu.

• collections of Asian art at the Honolulu Academy of Arts.

• USS Arizona Memorial and Pearl Harbor, the place held surprise attack that led the United States to enter the Second World War.

• tourist circuit around the island of Oahu, Waimea Falls Park, which includes Pearl Harbor, Polynesian Cultural Center, Marine Park where you can swim with dolphins, a former Center Waialua Coffee Plantation and Sunset Beach.

• Take part in the Hawaiian party. During the ceremony, a pig roasted whole, is divided and served the guests, then follows a Polynesian dance hula contest.

• Explore the Hawaiian Volcanoes National Park, one of nature mununile - At 4.103m height, Mauna Loa is the largest mountain mass in the world, and at a height of 1.200m, an active volcano Kilauea offers steam and sulfur shows that can be traced in safe locations. Volcano erupts continuously and lava flows into the ocean.

• Visit Mount Haleakala in Maui, a massive volcanic crater whose name translates House Sun. For thrills, lower slope of the crater of 61km on the bike.

• Discover weird rock formation in the caverns under Kaeleku Hana rainforest on the island of Maui.

• Admire the natural wonders of the island of Lanai - Beach wrecks, caves and gardens Kaiolohia with mystical engravings Kanepuu.

• Relax on Waikiki beach on the island of Oahu, probably the most famous beach in the world. Here you can learn surfing and gliding or simply to linger on the white sand.

• To entertain the whole family, visit the amusement park on the coast of Oahu Hawaiian Waterways. The park has water slides, wave pool, a playground area, and modern dining room and bar interactive games for adults.

• swimming with turtles off the coast of Maui.

• Visit the Honolulu Zoo, where you can see over 1,230 mammals, birds and reptiles. Near Kapiolani Park is located and in which is held every year Honolulu Marathon. The park was created by King Kalakaua in the 1870s.

• Na Pali Coast hiking in Kauai, where you can explore remote and idyllic beaches bays.

Hula is a beautiful dance that tells a story. Music consists of chants called "my", which in ancient times were a form of worship of the gods. Musical instruments are made of winter squash and coconut covered with shark skin membrane. Dancing with facial gestures tell the history of Hula. Luau is a kind of party that includes a feast of grilled pork and other dishes.

Hawaii's culinary traditions are a mixture of customs brought by immigrants of various nationalities, especially Americans, Chinese, Filipino, Japanese, Korean, Polynesian and Portuguese. Many local restaurants serve dishes such as cosmopolitan Asian dishes, rice and macaroni salad simplified version of U.S. noodles and mayonnaise.

The first passengers who arrived in Hawaii were Polynesians, who were looking for a new home, with more than 500 years ago. Evidence suggests that they came from Marquesas Islands in canoes filled with domestic animals (chickens, dogs and pigs), plants and seeds. In time, were born noble dynasties, agricultural fields and temples.

In January 1778 the British explorer James Cook along with his two vessels reached the island of Kauai. Cook's crew has negotiated with the locals and it seems that Polynesians were fascinated by everything that was made of iron. Such nails have become very valuable, being useful even to the conquest of women on the island. Unfortunately these contacts brought Hawaiians, venereal diseases, some of the plagues that have decimated the population first.

Around the same time as the first contact with Europeans, the islands strive to redefine leadership and territories. Each island was independent until King Kamehameha I (1753-1819) combined them by force. Weapons, introduced by Europeans, were a decisive factor in the victory of Kamehameha. In 1800 sugar cane planters have become a force in the islands. They gained control of large portions of land and, in 1893, organized the overthrow of Queen Liliuokalani, the last monarch Hawaiian.

Hawaiian Islands were annexed to the United States in 1898, by a vote that could not attend most natives of the islands. The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor naval base has led to U.S. involvement in the Second World War and post-war Hawaii and gained independence, becoming the 50th U.S. state. Sugar cane plantations were thriving until the decline of the 1990s. Since then agriculture has diversified, focusing on coffee and tropical fruit. Tourism is also a basic industry in Hawaii.

Useful information

Temperature in the islands varies between 24 and 29°C throughout the year and it rains a lot in mountainous regions from December to February. Beach attire is common, but at noon we recommend sunglasses and hat. Time in Hawaii is GMT -10.