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Acapulco - a true Mexican Monaco

Acapulco, Mexico, La Quebrada clavadistas jumping over the cliffs

The city was named by the Nahua American Indians, who were undergoing the Aztecs by nearly 100 years before the arrival of the Spaniards. Acapulco word means "place where the reeds swayed in the wind". Spanish colonists had an attitude, less lyrical, regarding the city: not seeing the city, nothing but an excellent basis for the fight, where to continue their conquest expeditions to the Pacific coast. They arrived in the sixteenth century, and all of here, in 1532; started the traveling the conquistador Francisco de Mendoza, in search of new conquests.

Acapulco soon became a major seaport of the Kingdom of Spain and facilitated navigation to Lima in Peru and to Valparaiso in Chile. The city became famous in 1565, when Andres de Urdaneta became the first man to sail from Philippines to Mexico, anchoring in Acapulco Bay. Here were to set up camp later Spanish fleet vessels that traded with China and South Asia.

They transported to Europe, ivory, spices, silk, porcelain and jewelry. Goods were unloaded in the port and shipped to Veracruz, where they took sea route to Spain.

In the XVII century - XVIII century, the riches of the city Acapulco, have fallen prey to pirates in the service of Holland and England. Most piracy expedition headed by famous Sir Francis Drake, captured the splendid vessels of the Spanish fleet in the region. However, Acapulco has not lost importance due to plundering expeditions, but because Spain has lost its monopoly of trade with China.

Acapulco city chance to revive occurred only in 1934 when the first hotel was opened for tourists. Acapulco, the most popular coastal resort of Mexico owes its fame, audacious called "clavadistas" who jump off cliffs La Quebra. By hurling themselves at a height of 40 meters, they sink into the abyss of golf with precision and elegance of sea birds.

Gulf measures here only 6 meters wide, and its waters are swirling, by strong currents. Jumper must choose the right time. If they hesitate, they hit the ocean floor as waves retreat very quickly, and the water in this place is not deep. These incredible stunts take place under the eyes of enthusiastic spectators. Particularly impressive are the jumps made in twilight or moonlight night, when visibility is low and only sound waves indicate the timing of the jump. Jumpers commit their souls in care of Virgin Mary, in whose honor they built a chapel hidden among rocks.

Feats of these enthusiasts can be best enjoyed from the terrace restaurant La Perla, located on the other side of the bay, or from El Mirador hotel room windows. This authentic Mexican Monaco has seen a real boom between 1940 and 1960. Afterwards, it ceased to be fashionable.

The beautiful bay of Acapulco, which is shaped like a crescent, now spends their holidays, especially tourists with low budgets.

What deserves to be seen:
- Square of the Old City;
- Fort San Diego (seventeenth century);
- Cultural Center (collections of Mexican folk art);
- La Quebrada (diving);
- Cathedral (Mauritanian style);
- Famous beaches (Playa Condensa).

What you should know:
- Fans jumping and La Quebrada are organized, like workers in a union. This is called "Union de La Quebrada Clavadistas";
- During the Second World War, Mexico has maintained neutrality, which presented many advantages. During this period, Acapulco became a resting place for international movie stars;
- San Diego Fort was built in 1616. Its strong fortifications were designed to protect the city from pirate invasions;
- In 1918 Acapulco Mexico was ceded permanently.

The climate:
- Under humid equatorial;
- The average annual temperature reaches 27 degrees Celsius with little difference from one season to another;
- The average annual rainfall is 1400 mm;
- Rainy period lasts from June to September.