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Travel America Brazil Largest rainforest on earth - The Amazon

Largest rainforest on earth - The Amazon

Ecuador, America, San Rafael Falls in Amazon Rainforest

The Amazon rainforest, the largest remaining rainforest on earth. One area that has a wealth of biodiversity, with many species found only here. The Amazon rainforest is also one of the oldest rainforest in the world, experiencing new threats in the form of human activity in the region.-b-

Geography

The Amazon rainforest, the largest rainforest in the world with a floor area of up 7miljoen km2, of which less than 5.5 million km2 is covered with tropical forest. A forest which covers five different countries, most of which are in Brazilian territory (60%), followed by Peru (13%), and countries like Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, and Suriname. The Amazon rainforest is situated in a basin which largely is crossed by the immense power of the Amazon River and its many thousands of tributaries. Remarkable is not it, that boats are the main means of transportation. This basin is surrounded by the Brazilian highlands in the south, through the Guyana Plateau in the north, and the elongated Andes in the west.

Biodiversity

One of the reasons why this area is so special is the large proportion of plant and animal species which can be found in this area. There are species that are found nowhere else, or anywhere else in such great numbers! Because one of the oldest rainforests in the world, this area has developed into a prime real biodiversity. It is therefore estimated that in the forests of the Amazon up to 2.5 million species of insects, 10,000 species of plants, and some 2000 birds and mammals occur. So live on an acre rainforest almost more species than the whole of Europe! Biodiversity is of great importance to the world, because under these many plants, there are potential medicinal plants in the future ever could cure diseases like cancer. If you were to look around in a pharmacy, and the bottles were reading, would insist that many ingredients that come directly from the region.
Because the area is such a long time was able to develop undisturbed, there is a very well developed bomendak anywhere most of the life activity. Part of the forest, where only recently collected information on.

Life in the Amazon

Besides the many animal and plant species make their home in the rainforest, there is an active species in the forest, man! Then we did not talk about the settlers who came later, but the original inhabitants of the Amazon. The natives have for centuries have invaluable knowledge about the local flora, fauna, and therefore have many traditions and medicinal plants. Even scientists who search for species unknown to science for these tribes, in order to learn more about the animals and their environment. Who knows what is left in the dark regions and corner houses, because there are stories of giant anacondas with lengths of up to 15 meters.
During the time the Spanish and Portuguese major portions of South America colonized, missing as many as 100 different tribes, thus nowadays existing number of tribes on the 260 is estimated, including strains that never even been in contact with the outside world! Indians who have entered into relationships with the outside world, fear more than ever for the region that once belonged to them alone.

Issues

Although the Amazon rain forest one of the oldest rainforests in the world, and has come through many centuries, the area is now experiencing major damage as the region as a whole ecosystem threat.
Deforestation is one of the biggest problems facing the Amazon rainforest in recent decades has been to do. That is how many species on the market a lot of money, creating a huge illegal market was created. Woods give way to a growing number of soy plantations to meet the growing demand, rising all the meat needs of the western world to be maintained. All problems that can cause major damage, leading to a loss of biodiversity, including its potential medicinal plants, and mudflows caused by slopes are cleared. Also a lot of carbon normally occupied by the ancient forests will be saved, shot out again what makes Brazil one of the countries with the most carbon emissions.

Future

Although the area is in real danger, and there is still a large amount of forest per year is harvested, there are visible changes. Changes that might even lead to the destruction of the forest can be saved. Climate change, a major problem caused by human activity can be reduced by protecting tropical forests store large amounts of carbon. Stricter legislation by countries that import tropical hardwoods can cause the illegal timber market share is reduced, while a transition to another feed is also one of the possibilities.
Last year, the share of Amazon rain forest cut by 40% reduced, showing that even the biggest problems are not insoluble, and certainly hope for the future!