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Travel Africa Madagascar Madagascar - House of Lemurians

Madagascar - House of Lemurians

Madagascar, Africa, Lemurs warming up

Madagascar is the fourth largest island in the world and home to more than 250,000 species, of which 70% are unique in the world. The island is famous worldwide with Lemurians, with about 50 species, ranging from normal to bizarre. Lemurians are specific to these islands, but not only - dwarf chameleons, Tomata frogs, giant jumping rats and hedgehog of Madagascar are some of the strangest animals that live on the island.

Due to the isolation of the African continent in 165 million years ago, the island has been developed plants with remarkable shapes, such as swollen baoab - national tree. Isalo National Park and Tsingy Natural Reserve are places where you can explore these creatures and plants.

Hauts Plateaux is the area that divides the country geographically, climatically and culturally. The coastal strip east of the mountain chain is forested and consists in western savanna. Besides natural beauty, Madagascar offers beautiful beaches, coral reefs and plenty of water sports. The capital Antananarivo is the first and last stop for travelers on the island, together with French flavor.

Madagascar is a place where ancestors are as much today as ever, where there are many taboos prevailing laws and Western religion is mixed with witchcraft and unique burial customs.

The main attractions

• Admire the French flavor and atmosphere of the capital Antananarivo, often abbreviated Tiana. French is widely spoken and road signs and stores are mostly in French. The city is built on three levels. Visit the national monument of the city - the Palace of the Queen and Royal Village or Rova. Merin dynasty is the former residence, which, in the nineteenth century, has unified whole Madagascar for the first time.

• Visit the dough birth place State - Ambohimanga. The structures reveal citadel destination, important fortress. Its main gate is a huge stone disk that requires 40 people to be moved. Called "blue city", "holy city" and "Forbidden City" is surrounded by forests.

• Visit the second mountain of the country, Tsiafajovona, the main city of the country, Antsirabe, Andasibe called. The city has a spa and is surrounded by hills with lakes in volcanic craters besieged.

• Enjoy the views from the Hauts Plateau, a rugged chain of mountainsfrom north to the center of the country.

• Admire the animated Madagascar markets. Toamasina is the country's main port and provincial capital, with several crowded markets, including Be bazaar. In the capital, Zoma market is claiming to be the second largest in the world.

• Explore the impressive national parks and nature reserves. Tsingy Bemaraha Nature Reserve you can visit the virgin forests, mangrove swamps and lakes of accommodating a variety of rare birds and lemurs.

• Do not miss Ampefy volcanic region with spectacular waterfalls and geysers, which houses a species of lemur’s tail and many species of orchids.

• Make diving centers Nossi Be, Nossi Lava, Toliara and Ile Ste-Marie. Many of them offer beautiful beaches and coral reefs. Dive centers are on the north and west coast.

• Face your fear, and visit the macabre and fascinating Amabalavao, called "place of gone", where it is produced 'paper antemore' and 'silk Lamba aridrano'. Visit and Ambondrome and Ifandana peaks, where there were 1811 people committed suicide in mass, and where there are exhumed bones of ancestors.

Gastronomy

Rice is ubiquitous in the cuisine of Madagascar. There are two national dishes: romazava - a meat soup and green leaves, and ravitoto - a stew of pork and cassava leaves. These recipes are flavored with ginger, cloves, nutmeg and pepper. Each region of Madagascar has its secrets. Northeast coast you will find vanilla flavor in chicken or duck and cock in shellfish flavor. Street vendors selling barbecue, donuts, fried cassava cakes and even rice. In restaurnte you will find "confit of canards" duck with ginger and pepper, stewed meat with pattern fill or small onions.

A rice delicacy is a lobster with coconut and peanut sauce. The traditional drink is 'rice water'. Juices vary according to season - papaya, mango, tamarind, sugar cane (bets-bets).

History

The inhabitants of Madagascar are a mixture of ethnic groups originating from Indonesia, Malaysia and Melanesia, which merged with aboriginal population, but also with the African and Arab immigrant later. Indonesians have migrated to the island in 700. Andrianampoinimerina King (1787-1810) led the main island kingdom, and his son 'Radama the first' unified much of the island. French protectorate in 1885 transformed the island, and then ended the monarchy, banning Queen Ranavalona III in Algiers. He created a colonial administration, to which were attached Comoro Islands in 1908 and other territories later. In the Second World War the British occupied Madagascar.

Autonomous republic within the French Community in 1958, Madagascar became independent member of the community in 1960. In 1973, a coup led by Gabriel Ramanantsoa, deposed the Philibert Tsiranana, president since 1959. Didier Ratsiraka new president said it would pursue a line socialist, has nationalized banks and insurance companies and mineral resources. Regime was characterized by censorship and dictatorship. The President was reelected in 1989 in an election suspect that sparked riots and the formation of a multiparty system in 1990.

In December 2001, electoral contests between President Marc Ravalomanana and Didier, the mayor of Antananarivo, were declared inconclusive. Ravalomanana declared himself president, and Didier said martial law and was a rival capital in Toamasina. At this point, Madagascar had two capitals and two presidents. After a recount has votes, the High Constitutional Court declared Ravalomanana the winner on.

Useful information

The inhabitants are very hospitable and relaxed, although some strange habits on time - for example, bus transportation will not start until it is filled, regardless of how long. Avoid military style clothing. If you stay in a village, locals offer gifts, especially the village chief. Respect local taboos, not approach the graves. In some regions are still preserved the habit of inviting an ancestor at the holiday village. It is dug in order to participate physically in celebration. It is a great honor to be invited to such an occasion.

Capital: Antananarivo
Local time: GMT +3
Main languages spoken: Malagasy (official), French
Currency: Ariary