The Great Sphinx is supposed to date from the period of Khafre, due to incomplete inscription on the Dream Stela. But how stela was added by pharaoh Thutmose IV, there are assumptions that support the Great Sphinx is much older. Especially since there is a disproportion between the head and body, which led to the hypothesis that the Sphinx was originally either lion head, according to some researchers, or head of Anubis, according to other researchers.
Other hypotheses claim that Khafre's name is on the stela because during his period the Great Sphinx was rediscovered and excavated from sand, and then head was carved in the form known.
Also, some experts argue that the Sphinx erosion is due to water, as a result it far predate the reign of Khafre.
Any assumption will prove true, if it will ever happen, the Great Sphinx remains the largest monolith statue in the world.
To the southwest of the Great Sphinx is the tomb of Queen Khentkaus I. Chapel consist of an inner chapel and the main hall. A corridor carved in the floor of the interior chapel leads to a large burial chamber. The walls were covered with sculptures in relief, now severely damaged. It is assumed that burial chamber hosted an alabaster sarcophagus.
The village of workers is approximately 400 meters south of the Great Sphinx. Here lived the people who built the third and final pyramid of Giza, the pyramid of Pharaoh Menkaure. Nearby there was a cemetery for these workers. It is assumed that the city has been inhabited for about 35 years. Archaeological findings show that workers had a higher quality diet than the rest of the Egyptians, rich in bread, beer, beans, lentils, fish, meat and other animal products. Also workers received healthcare, skeletons found in the cemetery having traces of healed fractures.
In the village were found dormitories, bakeries, breweries, kitchens and a hospital.
The pyramid building, besides those transporting and placing stones, worked architects, stonemasons, bricklayers, carpenters, blacksmiths, and an auxiliary work force, consisting of bakers, cooks, doctors, animal breeders.