Located on the Giza Plateau, the necropolis contains a complex of three large pyramids called the Great Pyramids, a monumental sculpture called the Great Sphinx, several cemeteries, an industrial complex and workers village.
The biggest attractions are the Great Pyramids.
Pyramid of Khufu is the largest, oldest, and only one of the 7 wonders of the ancient world that still exists. For 43 centuries it was the tallest building in the world, until it was dethroned in 1889 by the Eiffel Tower. It was 146 meters high and 227 meters side. The sides of the pyramid are oriented to the four cardinal points. The entrance to the pyramid is located on the northern facade. From here a corridor lead to the burial chamber of King, where it is found a massive red granite sarcophagus.
Pyramid of Khafre is the second largest, but is placed on a raised area, which creates the impression that is equally, if not taller than the Pyramid of Khufu. Stones at the base are very large, but towards the top are becoming smaller. At the top, the pyramid still retains the tiles that were plated the pyramids. The burial chamber, carved in the bedrock, is rectangular and oriented east-west. The sarcophagus is carved into a massive block of granite.
Pyramid of Menkaure is the smallest of the three great pyramids. It was built of limestone and granite. Inside the pyramid was found basalt sarcophagus. In the upper antechamber, was discovered a wooden sarcophagus engraved with the cartridge of Menkaure. Along with the pyramid of Menkaure are three smaller pyramids, called Queens Pyramids.
The Orion correlation theory says that the pyramids are set the same as the stars of Orion's Belt.
To the east and west of the pyramid of Khufu are cemeteries. Also, near the pyramids are several mastabas and tombs carved into the rock. They belong to relatives or lower-ranking personalities. Also around the pyramids are tombs of brick, belonging to pyramid builders.