Cairo, capital of Egypt, is one of the most important Arab and African cities. It is called "Mother of the World" or "City of Victory" because of the tumultuous history that took part. Combine in a spectacular fashion with elements of modern luxury antique or medieval period. They say he who has not seen Cairo has not seen the world at all.
Much of the city is located on the east side of the Nile. Visitors prefer Western district, where there Liberation Square (Midan Tahrir), transportation center, the Egyptian Museum and Nile Hilton.
The main attraction, the Pyramids of Giza, located on the west bank of the Nile, 18 km from the center. By the time they were built, the town does not exist. 24 km to the south was located the capital of the Pharaohs, Memphis. Romans are the ones who founded the city, by rebuilding an Old Persian fortress of the Nile, in the year 116. After the ninth century until the present century, the city was under the leadership of Arab rulers. Fatimidii built fortified "Town of el-Qahira", hence its current name. In the thirteenth century, Mameluks took power and was formed in 1863 by extending the modern city on the banks of the Nile in European style, by the leader Ismail. It became the capital of the Arab world in 1952, when the country is back under Egyptian leadership. Currently, 18 million people live in this great center of the world.
Changes of power and vision that the city has undergone over the years, divide the city into several parts: the Pharaonic, Roman, Islamic, Christian or modern, depending on the culture, architecture, history and attractions.
"The city of 100 minarets" is another name for the city, because exotic horizon, graceful domes and minarets. This led to the development of tourism, attracting visitors by: Pyramids of Gizza, the tomb of Tutankhamun, Sphinx, Egyptian Museum, Khan al-Khalili market, Heliopolis. Citadel, the Mosque Ibn Tulun, Mosque of Amr Ibn El-Aas, the Tower of Cairo, mosques, churches, Coptic, antique shops and many other special attractions or specific.
The best time is in the spring. Summer temperatures exceed 35 C, and during the torrential winter rains occur.
For tourists there are rich luxury hotels (5 stars), such as Ramses Hilton Pyramisa, Mena House Oberoi, Marriott, Sofitel Le Sphinx, Cairo Sheraton, Movenpick Jolie Ville Pyramids Resort, Semiramis Intercontinental, Nile Hilton, Le Meridien Piramids, Safir, Intercontinental City Star Heliopolis, Sheraton Royal Gardens. They have all the facilities and accommodation. Adventure lovers can try the 5 star cruises Miss Egypt, Princesse Royale, Miss World or Nile Story.
There are also four star hotels, more affordable, including: Helnan Shepheard, Kolthoom Man and the Gawaharet Ahram.