"The fax was invented in the twentieth century"
Fax machine was invented by Scottish watchmaker Alexander Bain (1811 - 1877) around 1840. But it did not worked with light rays but with a pendulum connected to an electrical circuit. Signs that should be scanned with the pendulum were electrical conductor. Italian Giovanni Caselli (1815 - 1891) further developed the device and was created in 1865 by fax a link between Paris and Lyon. It worked but only 5 years. Since1906 were sent by fax also the newspaper photos.